Archive for the ‘NS2 Open Source Network Simulator’ Category

Pre-Requisite: Installation of NS2 on Debian

Aim: To Simulate following Topology.

Topology Description

  1. Network consists of 4 nodes (n0, n1, n2, n3).
  2. The duplex links between n0 and n2, and n1 and n2 have 2 Mbps of bandwidth and 10 ms of delay.
  3. The duplex link between n2 and n3 has 1.7 Mbps of bandwidth and 20 ms of delay.
  4. Each node uses a DropTail queue, of which the maximum size is 10.
  5. A “tcp” agent is attached to n0, and a connection is established to a tcp “sink” agent attached to n3.
  6. As default, the maximum size of a packet that a “tcp” agent can generate is 1KByte.
  7. A tcp “sink” agent generates and sends ACK packets to the sender (tcp agent) and frees the received packets.
  8. A “udp” agent that is attached to n1 is connected to a “null” agent attached to n3.
  9. A “null” agent just frees the packets received.
  10. A “ftp” and a “cbr” traffic generator are attached to “tcp” and “udp” agents respectively,
  11. The  “cbr” is configured to generate 1 KByte packets at the rate of 1 Mbps.
  12. The “cbr” is set to start at 0.1 sec and stop at 4.5 sec, and “ftp” is set to start at 1.0 sec and stop at 4.0 sec.


  1. Create a file called simple.tcl in ns2 directory which is in all-in-one package directory.
  2. Place the following code in simple.tcl file.
  3. Go to ns prompt
  4. type: ns simple.tcl


#Create a simulator object
set ns [new Simulator]

#Define different colors for data flows (for NAM)
$ns color 1 Blue
$ns color 2 Red

#Open the NAM trace file
set nf [open out.nam w]
$ns namtrace-all $nf

#Define a 'finish' procedure
proc finish {} {
 global ns nf
 $ns flush-trace
 #Close the NAM trace file
 close $nf
 #Execute NAM on the trace file
 exec nam out.nam &
 exit 0

#Create four nodes
set n0 [$ns node]
set n1 [$ns node]
set n2 [$ns node]
set n3 [$ns node]

#Create links between the nodes
$ns duplex-link $n0 $n2 2Mb 10ms DropTail
$ns duplex-link $n1 $n2 2Mb 10ms DropTail
$ns duplex-link $n2 $n3 1.7Mb 20ms DropTail

#Set Queue Size of link (n2-n3) to 10
$ns queue-limit $n2 $n3 10

#Give node position (for NAM)
$ns duplex-link-op $n0 $n2 orient right-down
$ns duplex-link-op $n1 $n2 orient right-up
$ns duplex-link-op $n2 $n3 orient right

#Monitor the queue for link (n2-n3). (for NAM)
$ns duplex-link-op $n2 $n3 queuePos 0.5

#Setup a TCP connection
set tcp [new Agent/TCP]
$tcp set class_ 2
$ns attach-agent $n0 $tcp
set sink [new Agent/TCPSink]
$ns attach-agent $n3 $sink
$ns connect $tcp $sink
$tcp set fid_ 1

#Setup a FTP over TCP connection
set ftp [new Application/FTP]
$ftp attach-agent $tcp
$ftp set type_ FTP

#Setup a UDP connection
set udp [new Agent/UDP]
$ns attach-agent $n1 $udp
set null [new Agent/Null]
$ns attach-agent $n3 $null
$ns connect $udp $null
$udp set fid_ 2

#Setup a CBR over UDP connection
set cbr [new Application/Traffic/CBR]
$cbr attach-agent $udp
$cbr set type_ CBR
$cbr set packet_size_ 1000
$cbr set rate_ 1mb
$cbr set random_ false

#Schedule events for the CBR and FTP agents
$ns at 0.1 "$cbr start"
$ns at 1.0 "$ftp start"
$ns at 4.0 "$ftp stop"
$ns at 4.5 "$cbr stop"

#Detach tcp and sink agents (not really necessary)
$ns at 4.5 "$ns detach-agent $n0 $tcp ; $ns detach-agent $n3 $sink"

#Call the finish procedure after 5 seconds of simulation time
$ns at 5.0 "finish"

#Print CBR packet size and interval
puts "CBR packet size = [$cbr set packet_size_]"
puts "CBR interval = [$cbr set interval_]"

#Run the simulation
$ns run


Pre-Requisite: Install Debian GNU/Linux

STEP  1: Download Network Simulator Setup.

Download NS2 All In One Package from following link:


Official Website:


STEP 2: Place the file in your home directory and extract the tar file

$ tar -xzvf ns-allinone-2.31.tar.gz

Note: This tutorial was designed using 2.31 version.
Please don't forget to replace 2.31 to 2.34 in following commands

STEP 3: Go to folder where tar file is extracted.

$ cd ns-allinone-2.31

STEP 4: Insert Debian DVD for dependency components.

$ sudo apt-get install build-essential autoconf automake libxmu-dev
$ sudo apt-get install -f build-essential
libxt-dev libxt6 libsm-dev libsm6 libice-dev libice6 libxmu-dev

STEP 5: Install NS2 using following command.

Note: This process will take some time.

STEP 6: Set environment variables

$ gedit ~/.bashrc

Add the following lines to the end of it.

Dont forget to replace "/home/bharat with your directory path.

Example: /home/yourname/




STEP 7: Make changes

$ source ~/.bashrc

STEP 8: Check Installation Success

$ ns

If you type ns command on shell, then a "%" will appear on the screen.
That means NS2 is successfully installed.

STEP 9: Exit to Linux prompt


Type "exit" to quit the mode and back to "$"

STEP 10: Validation of NS2 Installation.

Go to network simulator directory inside the all in one
package and execute following command.

$ cd ns-2.31
$ ./validate

Note: Be patient till validation gets successful.

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